Day 5
Putting It All Together


We are all hoping for a school -- and a world -- without bullying, as illustrated in this picture drawn by a young Australian student. Over the past four days, we have examined the meaning, prevalence, consequences, and prevention of bullying problems among youth. Today we will review some of the key steps that schools and communities can take to help create the world envisioned by this student. We will also explore additional resources that can further inform your bullying prevention efforts.

If your school did not gather information about bullying problems as part of its broad-based needs assessment, then your prevention planning team should make sure to do this before moving forward with any bullying prevention activities. It is important to obtain a solid understanding of the bullying problems at your school, as well as the similarities and differences in how these problems are perceived by both adults and students.  



Click here for some information about the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire.



Once your school has a firm grasp on the nature of bullying among students, you can work with your prevention planning team and other school and community stakeholders to either incorporate bullying prevention activities within a comprehensive school improvement program or build a comprehensive bullying prevention initiative. Yesterday, we presented the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program as an exemplar of such an initiative. Let's take another look at the elements of this program as a tool for helping you reflect on where your schools are with respect to establishing a comprehensive set of bullying prevention strategies. Although these steps are included in this program as key school-level components, we are going to assume that your school has already: (1) formed a bullying prevention coordinating committee (or your prevention planning team has made a commitment to address bullying problems), and (2) assessed the nature and extent of bullying problems among students.


SCHOOL-LEVEL COMPONENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE BULLYING PREVENTION PROGRAMS


Has your school:

YES
WORK
IN PROGRESS

NO
 Provided training on bullying to committee/team
members and school staff?

 Developed schoolwide rules against bullying?

 Determined appropriate consequences for
following/not following school rules?

 Increased adult supervision in "hot spots" for
bullying?

 Developed systematic reporting mechanisms?

 Formed staff discussion groups to learn more about
bullying and process prevention efforts?

 Held a schoolwide "kick-off" event to introduce your
bullying prevention initiative?

 Engaged parents and other interested community
members in your bullying prevention initiative?


CLASSROOM-BASED COMPONENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE BULLYING PREVENTION PROGRAMS


Has your school:

YES
WORK
IN PROGRESS

NO
 Started to hold regular classroom meetings to
discuss issues related to bullying and peer relations?

 Adopted an evidence-based classroom curriculum to
reduce, prevent, and help staff and students cope effectively with bullying problems?

NOTE: This is necessary if your school is developing its own comprehensive bullying prevention initiative rather than implementing the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program.


INDIVIDUAL-LEVEL COMPONENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE BULLYING PREVENTION PROGRAMS


Has your school:

YES
WORK
IN PROGRESS

NO
 Started to hold meetings between school staff and
students who have been bullied to investigate bullying reports and incidents, develop safety plans, and provide emotional support?

 Started to hold meetings between school staff and
students who bully their peers to reinforce school rules against bullying, administer appropriate consequences for bullying behaviors, and make them aware that future behaviors will be closely monitored?

 Started to hold meetings between school staff and
parents of students involved in bullying incidents?

 Compiled a list of community resources, including
mental health professionals, so that staff can make referrals for students and families in need of more intensive assistance?


COMMUNITY COMPONENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE BULLYING PREVENTION PROGRAMS


Has your school:

YES
WORK
IN PROGRESS

NO
 Provided information about bullying prevention efforts
to a wide range of community members?

 Involved community members in its bullying
prevention efforts?

 Compiled a list of anti-bullying efforts within the
community and engaged students and school
personnel in those activities?




Click here to download these worksheets in Microsoft Word format.



Another Comprehensive Bullying Prevention Action Plan

The North Central Educational Service District (NCESD), one of Washington state's 9 educational service districts, serves 29 school districts within a 12,600 square-mile area -- or approximately 20 percent of the state's geographical area. These districts, which serve nearly 40,000 students, vary in size from one district with more than 7,150 students to another with only 9. The goal of the NCESD Safe and Civil Schools Department is to assist local school district personnel in building supportive learning environments through the continuous development of age-appropriate prevention programs. Bullying prevention represents a major focus of the Department, which provides the following helpful resources for schools working on comprehensive bullying prevention initiatives:



Click here for the NCESD Comprehensive Bullying Prevention Action Plan.


Click here for some notes to accompany the NCESD Comprehensive Bullying Prevention Action Plan.



As with all of your drug and violence prevention efforts, do not expect change to occur overnight! Effectively addressing bullying behavior takes time and will require a sustained and conscious effort to improve the overall school climate. However, the potential benefits of planning and implementing evidence-based bullying prevention activities cannot be underestimated.

Research reveals that well-designed policies and
programs can dramatically reduce bullying at schools. By both preventing bullying problems from happening and helping students, staff, and parents more effectively cope with those problems that do occur, your school's prevention efforts can help to improve students' overall physical, social, emotional, and academic well-being.


 
No Name-Calling Week Coming Up Soon!

As your school continues to develop and refine its bullying prevention activities, keep this upcoming event in mind: The Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network, in conjunction with Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing and a team of almost 40 other partners, is pleased to announce a new initiative called “No Name-Calling Week.” During the week of March 1-5, 2004, schools serving grades 5 through 8 across the nation will be asked to take part in a week of education activities aimed at stopping name-calling and verbal bullying of all kinds. Click here to learn more.



There are numerous organizations and materials that can help you and your school dig deeper into this important topic. Some of them are listed in the Resources & Links section. On this final day of the event, please do the following:

1


Review the list of additional resources located in the Resources & Links section. You will find links to several online publications and organizations with information about the nature and prevention of bullying.
2


Identify one resource that you find interesting, follow the link, and spend some time reviewing the publication or learning about the organization.
3


Visit the Discussion Area to share with your fellow participants and the event facilitator the link you followed and any interesting tips you learned.



As you explore additional resources on bullying prevention, keep in mind that several of the past online events are relevant to this topic. For example, you may want to review: Promoting Prevention Through School-Community Partnerships, Selecting Research-Based Prevention Programs for Your School, Implementing Research-Based Prevention Programs in Schools, Are You Making Progress? Increasing Accountability Through Evaluation, and Sustaining Your Prevention Initiative.




Please also take some time today to read the summaries of this week's on-line
discussion and share any additional thoughts -- either about the topic of bullying or
about this on-line event -- in the Discussion Area.


When you are done, please click here to complete a feedback form so that we
can improve future on-line events!



Thank you for participating in
Exploring the Nature and Prevention of Bullying!

We hope that you enjoyed the event!



Day 5 Youth Artwork:

1.   A World Without Bullying: This picture is from the Chill Out Space of the Bullying. No Way!
Web site.

References:

Department of Safe and Civil Schools, North Central Educational Service District. Bullying Prevention Documents. Available on-line at: www.ncesd.org/SDFS/programs.htm. Retrieved January, 2004.

Limber, S. P. (2003). Implementation of the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program: Lessons Learned from the Field. In D. Espelage & S. Swearer (Eds.) Bullying in American Schools: A Social-Ecological Perspective (pp. 351-364). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.