The four main categories of
medications prescribed for adults:
- For a person who is out of
touch with reality
- Hear voices or have strange
or illogical ideas
- May get excited or angry for
no apparent reason
- May spend a lot of time by
themselves, or in bed
- May sleep during the day and
stay awake at night
- May neglect appearance, not
bathing or changing clothes
- May be hard to talk to,
barely talking, or making no sense
- They are often unaware that
their condition is an illness
- Major depression is the
type of depression that will most likely benefit
from treatment with medications
- Major depression is more
than just "the blues."
- The condition lasts 2
weeks or more, and interferes with a person's
ability to carry on daily tasks and enjoy activities
that previously brought pleasure.
- Major depression is
associated with abnormal functioning of the brain.
- An interaction between
genetic tendency and life history appears to
determine a person's chance of becoming depressed.
- Episodes of depression
may be triggered by stress, difficult life events,
side effects of medications, or medication/substance
withdrawal, or even viral infections that can affect
- Depressed people will
seem sad, or "down," or may be unable to enjoy
- They may have no appetite
and lose weight (although some people eat more and
gain more weight when depressed).
- They may sleep too much
or too little, have difficulty going to sleep, sleep
restlessly, or awaken very early in the morning.
- They may speak of feeling
guilty, worthless, or hopeless
- They may lack energy or
be jumpy and agitated.
- They may think about
killing themselves, or may even attempt suicide.
- Some depressed people
have delusions (false, fixed ideas) about poverty,
sickness, or sinfulness that are related to their
- Sometimes feelings of
depression are worse at a particular time of day,
for instance, every morning or evening.
- Not everyone who is
depressed has all these symptoms.
- Symptoms include
irritability, uneasiness, jumpiness, feelings of
apprehension, rapid or irregular heartbeat,
stomachache, nausea, faintness, and breathing
- Mild anxiety is
often manageable, but sometimes it can present
- A high level or
prolonged state of anxiety can make the activities
of daily life difficult, if not impossible
- People may have
generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), or more specific
anxiety disorders such as panic, phobias,
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Both antidepressants
and antianxiety medications are used to treat
- The broad-spectrum
activity of most antidepressants provides
effectiveness in anxiety disorders as well as
- Some anxiety
medications, the benzodiazepines, can relieve
anxiety symptoms in a short time.
- Bipolar disorder is characterized by cycling
mood changes: severe highs (mania) and lows
- Episodes may be predominately manic or
depressive, with normal mood between episodes.
- Mood swings may follow each other very
closely, within days (rapid cycling), or may be
separated by months to years
- "Highs" and "Lows" may vary in intensity and
severity and can co-exist in "mixed" episodes
- When people are in a manic "high," they may
be overactive, overly talkative, have a great
deal of energy, and have much less need for
sleep than normal
- When "manic" they may switch quickly from
one topic to another, as if they cannot get
their thoughts out quickly enough.
- Their attention span is often short, and
they can be easily distracted.
- Sometimes people who are "high" are
irritable or angry and have false or inflated
ideas about their position or importance in the
- They may be very elated and be full of grand
schemes that might range form business deals to
- Often they show poor judgment in these
- If left untreated, mania may worsen into a