HSCO 506: Citations for Hawkins and Clinton Book
Review

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Citations for Your Book Review

Brian Campbell, 2016

Your template for the book review of Hawkins’ and Clinton’s (2015) textbook gives an example of an in-text citation.  Below please find additional examples of in-text citations.

 

Remember, you must provide an in-text citation for:

  • summarized information
  • direct quotes
  • paraphrased information

In the Summary section of your review of your textbook, virtually every sentence will require an in-text citation.  There are exceptions.  Please review:  Citations Within a Paragraph.

In-Text Citations

·         Summarized Information:

 

Hawkins and Clinton (2015) give an overview of modern-day Christian counseling.

The authors (Hawkins & Clinton, 2015) have provided an overview of what a modern-day Christian counselor “looks like.”

 

Note:  You use an ampersand (&) to connect the names of two authors inside parentheses.

 

·         A Direct Quote:

According to Hawkins and Clinton (2015), Christian counseling “is a form of discipleship designed to help free people to exercise God’s pardon, purpose, and power so they become fully devoted followers of Jesus Christ” (p. 31).

It has been argued that Christian counseling “is a form of discipleship designed to help free people to exercise God’s pardon, purpose, and power so they become fully devoted followers of Jesus Christ” (Hawkins & Clinton, 2015, p. 31).

·         Paraphrased Information:

Hawkins and Clinton (2015) argue that Christian counselors do more than just provide “words of wisdom.”  Instead, Christian counselors help to set people free to experience the fullness of God and to become full-fledged disciples of Christ (p. 31).  In essence, the idea advanced is that the goal of Christian counseling is to lead others to spiritual maturity and to a state of complete spiritual transformation (p. 31).

Note:  APA recommends providing a page number for closely paraphrased information.
Note:  Once you have clearly established the source in a paragraph, you can simply provide the page number for your paraphrased material, (without repeating the “Author” and “Year”).