Integration Course: Core Concepts from McMinn
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Core Concepts from McMinn’s Textbook
(Brian Campbell, 2016)
 

☐ Main Problem Addressed:   Integration—How to bring psychology, theology and spirituality together in the counseling room?

 Interdicsiplinary Integration:  Refers to integration across the different disciplines (mainly psychology and theology).

 Intradisciplinary Integration:  refers to integration within Christian counseling.  Intradisciplinary integration necessitates special attention to spiritual formation. 

 Spiritual Formation:  In the past, spiritual formation was underemphasized in the integration process.  However, McMinn argues that it plays a critical role in how well integration is accomplished

 Spiritual Life of Christian Counselors:  Character is more important than technique.  Effective Christian counseling is dependent upon the spiritual life (and maturation) of the counselor more than knowledge of psychological techniques or theological sophistication.

 Divine Character:  Is revealed through the counselor.

 Spiritual Level of Counselee:  Must be considered with any intervention.

 Challenges to Intradisciplinary Integration:  McMinn discusses many challenges to intradisciiplinary integration

 Challenges:   1. Moving from two areas of competence to three.  It is difficult to establish what constitutes competence in spirituality, 2. Focusing on spiritual formation could blur the distinctions between personal and professional life, 3. It is not clear how you train someone in spiritual formation, 4. Focusing on spiritual formation could conflict with dominant views of mental health, 5. It is difficult to study “spiritual competence” scientifically, and 6. Because spiritual formation has not been studied or validated scientifically, focusing on spirituality when counseling a client may present special ethical problems.

 McMinn Provides a Map for Spiritual Health:  Assumes that an accurate sense of self (who we are in Christ--Imago Dei), leads to an accurate sense of need (our sinfulness and need for brokenness), which ultimately progresses to relational growth and healing (redemption).  This map is then discussed within the context of six major topics relevant to the process of integration.

 Prayer:  Topics include:  pros and cons; limitations; types of prayer; possible misuse; and, risks versus benefits.  Prayer is not a “technique.”  Prayer is an integral component of psychological and spiritual health.  The question is not whether Christian counselors “use” prayer with clients or not; the question to ask is: Which forms of prayer should we use with whichclients under which circumstances?”

 Scriptures:  Question: “In what ways should Scripture be used in counseling which clients?”  Lack of scientific research on effectiveness of prayer.  Direct use of scriptures by Christian counselors is rare. Discusses 8 ways Scriptures can influence Christian counselors.  We need scriptures to understand God.  Scriptures help us find truth.  Scriptures can help an individual develop an “accurate sense of self.”  Memorizing and meditating on scriptures can promote mental health.

 Sin:  Discusses the concept of sin and its relationship to psychopathology.  Are we sinners, or just sick?  Attributional style: the way people explain good and bad.  Answer is important to the counseling process.  McMinn discusses personal sin and original sin.  How does sin impair our relationship to God?  How do Christian counselors confront sin?  Which clients should be confronted, and how should they be confronted?  Types of confrontation:  silence, pondering, questioning, and direct censure.  Importance of changing from the inside-out, as opposed to the outside-in.

 Confession:  Discusses the proper role of confession in Christian counseling.  Guilt and its relationship to confession. Confession and penance.  Scripture gives us the proper understanding of confession.  We are to confess to one another. Confession requires humility. Counseling is, in essence, confession.  Confession helps develop a healthy sense of self and need.  Confession is not often used by Christian counselors.  Should confession be a specific counseling technique?

 Forgiveness:  Forgiveness as a clinical technique?  Opposition to forgiveness therapy.  Forgiveness as adversarial. Forgiveness as a Christian duty.  Is this a reasonable goal? If and when should forgiveness therapy be introduced in counseling?  The importance of forgiveness to psychological and spiritual health.  Forgiveness is “dangerous” if it elicits shame or fear. 

 Redemption:  The act of buying back or recovering our salvation.  The role of redemption in Christian counseling.  Some clients may not be “saved.”  Redemptive worldview:  Christians try to help restore others to health and wholeness through redemption by God.  God redeems people.  Importance of informed consent.

 Community Process:  Integration requires Christian counselors from all over the world to work together.

 

 

 

 

Scripture Topics

Abortion
Action
Adolescent Guidance
Adolescent Rebellion
Adultery
Alcoholism
Anger
Antichrist
Anxiety/Worry
Argumentative
Backsliding
Belief
Blessings
Blasphemy
Boastful
Born Again
Child Abuse
Children
Chosen/Elect
Christ, Death of
Christ, Divinity of
Christ, Humanity of
Christ, Identity of
Christ, Mission of
Christ, Personality of
Christ, Resurrection
Christ, Sacrifice of
Citizenship
Commandments
Communication
Communion
Complacent
Conceit
Confessing
Confusion
Darkness
Death & Dying
Denial
Depression
Devil

Disaster
Discipline
Dishonesty
Disobedience
Dissatisfaction
Divorce
Doubt
Drug Abuse
Elderly
End Times
Envy/Jealousy
Eternal Life
Evil, Resisting
Faith
Fear
Forgive
Forgiveness
Friendship
Fruitful
Gifts
Physical/Material
Gifts, Spiritual
Giving
God, All Knowing
God, All Loving
God, All Powerful
God, Awesome
God, Eternal
God, Creator
Gossip

Greedy/Stingy
Grief
Guidance
Guilt
Hardship
Hatred
Help
Homosexuality
Hopeless
Humility
Husbands
Hypocritical
Impatient
Intelligence
Joy
Judgmental
Laziness
Light
Loneliness
Lord's Prayer
Love, By God
Love , for Christ
Love, for God
Lust
Lying
Marriage
Marriage Guidance
 
Mercy
Money
Mortal Man
Obedience
Occult
Occupation/Job/Work
Parenting
Peace
Persecution
Plans
Poverty
Praising God
Prayer
Prejudice
Pride
Promiscuity
Prostitution
Protection
Psalm 23
Rebuke
Refuge/Safety
Repent
Righteous
Riches, Beware
Riches, True
Salvation
Scriptures/Word
Second Coming
Seeking God
Self-Esteem, Low
Self-Sacrifice
Sing Praises
Servant
Sex, Normal
Sex, Perverted
Sickness
Sin, Consequences
Sinful Nature
Sing Praises
Slander
Sleep Problems
Sorrow
Strength
Suffering
Swearing
Temptation
Ten Commandments
Thankful
Therapy
Thinking, Healthy
Thinking, Unhealthy
Tired
Troubles
True Riches
Trust
Truth
Unbelief
Vengeance
Weakness
Will of God
Wisdom
Witness
Wives
Worldly

Worship